Is a government initiative aimed at increasing the financial inclusion to Rwandan citizens? The concept of Umurenge Savings and Credit Cooperatives (Umurenge SACCOs) was based on an understanding that banks and other financial institutions were more concentrated in urban areas whilst the majority of the Rwandan population lives in rural areas and totally excluded from the formal financial institutions.(MINECOFIN, 2009)
Umurenge SACCOs was established in 2008 with the aim to boost up rural savings and provide Rwandans with loans to improve their earnings and enhance their livelihoods.
The Fin Scope 2008 and 2012 surveys have revealed that in 2008 21% of Rwandans, 18 years or older, were using formal financial institutions.
This percentage has increased to 42% in 2012. Before 2008, among the half million who are banked in Rwanda, 97% were holding a bank account at UBPR (Banques Populaires) and within 3 years, Umurenge SACCOs multiplied by 5 the number of banked people and have an impact on households representing more than half of the total population.